Item 7a Supp

Item No. 7a supp.
Date of Meeting August 25, 2009

Clean Air Program Update
Wayne Grotheer     Sarah Flagg
Director, Seaport       Seaport Air Quality
Professional and Technical    Program Manager

Briefing Overview
Last Commission Briefing: 6/23/2009
2008 Strategy Implementation Report
Summary of drayage truck issues
Port of Seattle Clean Truck Program
San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Truck Program
ABC Fuels


What is a Drayage Truck?
Heavy-duty diesel truck that
move containers to and from
marine terminals,
intermodal yards, and
distribution centers
Short distances (1 to 25 miles)
Operated by both independent owner/operators
and employee drivers
Hired by cargo owners, steamship lines, or 3rd
party logistics (3PLs)
No direct business relationship with ports

Particulate Matter Emissions
from Drayage Trucks
Drayage operations to/from terminals and intermodal yards
contribute to port emission profiles:
Port of Tacoma: 1%
Port of Seattle: 3%
Port of Oakland: 7%
Port of Los Angeles: 40%
Port of Long Beach: 36%
Port of San Diego: 8%
Port of Houston: 5.6%
Port of New York/New Jersey: 12%
Why do the percentages differ?
Distance from terminals to intermodal yards
Percent of containers moved by truck vs. on-dock rail
Terminal turn times
Regional traffic congestion

Regional Port Emission
Port contributions to regional PM emissions from
all sources:
Tacoma: 7%
Seattle: 9%
Oakland: 6%
Los Angeles: 9%
Long Beach: 9%
San Diego: <1%
Houston: 3.4%
New York/New Jersey: 1%

What is the Average Age of a
Drayage Truck?
Port Metro Vancouver: 2000
How do these
Port of Seattle: 1996         compare to state
Port of Tacoma: 1998         Washington: 1996
South Coast
San Pedro Bay Ports: 1995      California: 1995
Port of Houston: 1999
Port of New York/New Jersey: 1998


Why is Reducing Drayage Truck
Emissions Important to Ports?
Impacts on Public Health
Combustion of diesel fuel emits pollutants such as
particulate matter (PM) and oxides of nitrogen (NO )
PM and NO are linked to increases in respiratory and
cardiovascular disease
Proximity of drayage truck emissions to population
Impact on Environment
Climate impacts from contribution to greenhouse gas

Federal Efforts to Reduce
Truck Emissions
Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel
Fuel Rule
Implemented in 2006
Heavy-Duty Diesel
Engine Standards
Final PM: MY 2007
Final NO : MY 2010
U.S. EPA SmartWay
Transport Partnership
Focused on shippers,
carriers, trucks and rail
Promotes fuel saving and
efficiency technologies

Port of Seattle
Clean Air Program
Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy Truck
Performance Measures:
12/31/2010: All trucks must meet Federal 1994 PM
emission standard
12/31/2015: 80% of trucks must meet Federal 2007
PM emission standard (100% by 2017)
Standards will be enforced by MTOs at gates
Fee Free
Partnered with PSCAA on a buy-back and scrap
program for pre-1994 trucks
OSR Small Business Assistance program

Clean Air Program
MTO Lease Amendments
Received FMC approval on June 23rd to
discuss truck program implementation
Final version of lease amendments have
been sent to MTOs for review and
execution (as of 8/13/2009)


Clean Air Program
PSCAA Buy-Back and Scrap
PSCAA staff are developing program elements
Focused on pre-1994 trucks
Must have recently worked at Port of Seattle
Provide a "bounty" of $5,000 or blue book value,
whichever is greater
July/August: Develop RFP, obtain stakeholder input
September: Issue RFP for 3-4 weeks
October: Select operators, execute contracts
November: Anticipated program launch date

Clean Air Program
PSCAA Buy-Back and Scrap
Key Considerations:
Program gets the oldest trucks off the road
Avoids relocation of the emissions problem
Gives owners fair compensation for their old
Port legally can't fund a truck
retrofit/replacement program

Clean Air Program
OSR Small Business Assistance
Hosted Trucker Resource Fair 6/3/2009
Brought together health insurance, community
resources, and financial resources,
Provided briefing on the Clean Truck Program
Planning second Trucker Resource Fair
for November
Coincide with launch of buy-back and scrap

Clean Air Program
Truck Parking
South Harbor Truck Parking Work Group
Purpose: To provide input on south harbor
neighborhood parking and routing issues.
Partners include City, SDOT, community, industry,
labor, and environmental groups.
Recommendations presented to Commission and City
Council in May 2009
Terminal 25 South interim truck parking facility
3 acres
Opened July 1
No fees
Used by 75 trucks, 15 cars (typical Monday 6 AM)

Program Comparison
Port of Seattle   San Pedro Bay
CTP     Ports CTP
Air Quality       In attainment for     In severe non-
Attainment       PM2.5, pending non-   attainment for U.S. EPA
Status          attainment for ozone   criteria pollutants
(NO , SO , PM, VOCs, CO)
x    x
# of Drayage     1,500 known (2008)   16,000
Truck Emission   3% of Port of Seattle  40% of Port of L.A.
Contribution      inventory          inventory
36% of Port of Long
Beach inventory
Dray Distances   .5 to 2 miles       5 to 25 miles

Program Comparison
Port of Seattle   San Pedro Bay
CTP      Ports CTP
Fleet Age   1996 average model   1995 average model year
year (in 2008)          (in 2008)
25% of trucks older than
Truck Ban  Dec 31, 2010: Ban all   Oct 1, 2008: Ban all pre-
pre-1994 trucks         1989 trucks
Dates     Dec 31, 2015: 80% of   Jan 1, 2010: Ban all pre-
trucks must meet 2007    1994 and unretrofitted
PM emission standards   1994-2003 trucks
(100% by 2017)       Jan 1, 2012: Ban all
trucks that don't meet
2007 CARB standard

Program Comparison
Port of Seattle   San Pedro Bay
CTP      Ports CTP
State/     No state authority to   State authority under
implement truck       U.S. Clean Air Act
standards          CARB Drayage Truck
Programs  Voluntary efforts on   Rule: all trucks must
anti-idling programs     meet 2007 standards by
and exhaust retrofits     2013
Fees     None        $35 per TEU for
containers hauled by
pre-2007 trucks
Collected by MTOs via

Program Comparison
Port of Seattle  San Pedro Bay
CTP     Ports CTP
Enforcement  MTOs will enforce   Port tariff
standards at terminal   Concession
gates             agreements
Lease amendments   **in litigation**
with Port


Other Port Clean Air
Staff is monitoring development of port
clean truck programs:
Port of Tacoma
Port Metro Vancouver
Port of Oakland
Port of San Diego
Port of New York/New Jersey
Port of Houston Authority
Virginia Port Authority

Port of Seattle
ABC Fuels
At-Berth Clean Fuels Vessel Incentive Program
Pilot program with Puget Sound Clean Air Agency
$1,500 incentive for use of 0.5% sulfur fuel in auxiliary
engines while at a Port of Seattle berth
Eligible lines must call 5 or more times/year
7 Participating Lines:
Hapag-Lloyd    Maersk
Matson       Norwegian Cruise
APL        Line
Current participants represent 35% of all calls made
in 2008

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