8f. Memo

VFD Replacement Phase Design Authorization

AGENDA MEMORANDUM                        Item No.          8f 
ACTION ITEM                            Date of Meeting       June 27, 2023 

DATE:     June 16, 2023 
TO:        Stephen P. Metruck, Executive Director 
FROM:    Keri Stephens, Director, Aviation Facilities and Capital Programs 
Eileen Francisco, Director, Aviation Project Management 
SUBJECT:  Variable Frequency Drives  (VFD) Replacement Phase  2  (CIP #C800978)-Design
Amount of this request:               $2,500,000 
Total estimated project cost:         $10,500,000 
Request Commission authorization for the Executive Director  to (1) prepare design  and
construction bid documents for the Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) Replacement Phase 2
project; (2) utilize Port of Seattle crews to support design and pre-construction activities. The
amount of this request is $2,500,000,  for a total estimated project cost not-to-exceed
Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are a motor control device that, for this application, modulate 
HVAC fans, pumps, etc. allowing for better occupancy comfort. The VFD Phase 2 project has
identified 70 critical condition VFDs across the airport facilities that need to be replaced as an
urgent priority since they are beyond their useful lives and prone to failure. These are old and
obsolete  VFDs  with no  replacement  parts available  and no  longer  supported by  the
manufacturer. Failure of a VFD will cause the HVAC or plumbing systems to become nonoperational
, resulting in loss of proper ventilation, air flow, temperature, water flow, an increase
in energy consumption, and poor passenger comfort. 
The recently completed project scoping document and condition study found 70 VFDs in critical
condition and in need of immediate replacement. This represents a substantial increase in project
scope and budget over the original Status 2 document which assumed 47 VFD would need to be
replaced. The VFD Phase 2, Status 2 document was scoped and budgeted based on the VFD
Phase 1 project. The VFD Phase 1 project replaced 47 VFDs at a cost of $4.3M. The original Status 
2 scoping document was preliminary in nature and not based on field investigations or asset

Template revised January 10, 2019.

             COMMISSION AGENDA – Action Item No. 8f                                   Page 2 of 5 
Meeting Date: June 27, 2023 
condition. Increase in the number of VFDs, cost escalation, and inflation have resulted in an
increase to the budget estimate which is now $10.5M. Airport leadership approved the revised
project scope from 47 to 70 VFDs in Q1, 2023. 
Sporadic VFD failures have occurred in the past and since replacement parts are no longer
provided by the manufacturer, shops need to search for parts to keep VFDs operational. Repair
parts will be salvaged from the replaced VFDs and added to the Port’s spare parts inventory.
Preventing VFD failure will avoid manual HVAC control that leads to poor passenger comfort and
increased energy consumption.  VFD failure  can also lead to security issues if building
pressurization affects door operation. The new VFDs will save electricity and natural gas by
modulating motor speeds to meet the real-time demands. 
Diversity in Contracting 
The design services will be completed using an existing IDIQ contract (Casne Engineering – 
P00320720) that was established in 2022 which has a 16% WMBE participation utilization
The new scope of work for 70 VFDs also includes six 300 HP VFDs and two pump lift station fuel
farm VFDs which result in increased costs. The table below provides a breakdown of the
requested increase in the budget. 
Description                                   Original Budget    New Budget       Total Change 
(Status 2) 
Estimated Construction Cost / Change Order    $2,703,000         $6,277,000        $3,574,000 
NTE Amount 
Sales Tax                                         $270,000           $628,000          $358,000 
Other Costs (i.e., Soft Costs)                      $1,327,000          $3,595,000         $2,268,000 
Total Estimated Cost                            $4,300,000         $10,500,000       $6,200,000 

Scope of Work 
The project will be replacing 70 critical VFDs that are beyond their useful lives and are subject to
failure. These VFDs are located at multiple locations at the SEA such as parking garage, fuel farms,
concourses B, C, D, NSAT, SSAT, and main terminal. 
The key elements of project’s scope of work include, but are not limited to, the following: 
(1)   Identification and replacement of VFDs depending on the design criteria, schedule and
phasing plan, and useful lives. 
(2)   Connection to Port’s Building Automation System (BAS). 
(3)   Provide wiring, testing, commissioning, and associated equipment for a fully functional

Template revised June 27, 2019 (Diversity in Contracting).

             COMMISSION AGENDA – Action Item No. 8f                                   Page 3 of 5 
Meeting Date: June 27, 2023 
(4)   Salvage components from these existing VFDs and add those to Port’s spare parts
inventory for use in other obsolete VFDs.
Design start                                       2023 Quarter 3 
Commission construction authorization          2024 Quarter 3 
Construction start                                2025 Quarter 1 
In-use date                                       2026 Quarter 2 
Cost Breakdown                                     This Request           Total Project 
Design                                                  $2,500,000             $2,615,000 
Construction                                                      0             $7,885,000 
Total                                                         $2,500,000             $10,500,000 
Alternative 1 – Status Quo. Do not proceed with the project. 
Cost Implications: Expenses incurred for notebook development - $60,000. 
(1)   Capital investment won’t be required. 
(1)   Obsolete VFDs are no longer supported by the manufacturer. 
(2)   In case of a failure, the VFD will have to be controlled manually, resulting in poor
passenger comfort and increased energy consumption. 
(3)   Inventory for spare parts will be depleted. 
This is not the recommended alternative. 
Alternative 2 – Reduce the number of VFDs to be replaced and maintain status 2 authorized
Cost Implications: Capital investment of $4,300,000. 
(1)   Lower capital cost due to reduction in scope of work. 
(1)   The cost per VFD will be higher. 
(2)   This approach still leaves SEA vulnerable to VFD failures that may cause HVAC outages. 
(3)   This approach doesn’t provide a planned and sustainable asset management schedule. 
(4)   The availability of spare parts will be lower. 
This is not the recommended alternative. 

Template revised June 27, 2019 (Diversity in Contracting).

             COMMISSION AGENDA – Action Item No. 8f                                   Page 4 of 5 
Meeting Date: June 27, 2023 
Alternative 3 – Replace all of the proposed 70 VFDs. 
Cost Implications: Capital investment of $10,500,000. 
(1)   The cost per VFD will be lower. 
(2)   The risk of VFD failure leading to system outages will be significantly lower. 
(3)   The availability of spare parts will be higher. 
(1)   High capital cost. 
This is the recommended alternative. 
Cost Estimate/Authorization Summary              Capital        Expense           Total 
Original estimate (Status 2)                        $4,300,000               $0      $4,300,000 
Current change                                 $6,200,000              $0      $6,200,000 
Revised estimate                               $10,500,000              $0     $10,500,000 
Previous authorizations                            $115,000                0        $115,000 
Current request for authorization                $2,500,000                0      $2,500,000 
Total authorizations, including this request       $2,615,000                0      $2,615,000 
Remaining amount to be authorized            $7,885,000               0     $7,885,000 
Annual Budget Status and Source of Funds 
Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) Replacement Phase 2 (CIP #C800978) is included in the 2023-
2027 capital budget and plan of finance with a budget of $4,300,000. The capital increase of
$6,200,00 was transferred from the Aeronautical Allowance1 CIP C800753 resulting in no net
change to the Airport capital budget. The funding sources will be the Airport Development Fund
and future revenue bonds. 
Financial Analysis and Summary 
Project cost for analysis              $10,500,000 
Business Unit (BU)                  Terminal Building 
Effect on business performance     NOI after depreciation will increase due to inclusion of
(NOI after depreciation)             capital (and operating) costs in airline rate base. 
IRR/NPV (if relevant)                N/A 
1 The Aeronautical Allowance is included in the Capital Improvement Plan to ensure funding capacity for
unspecified projects, cost increases for existing projects, new initiatives, and unforeseen needs. This ensures funding
capacity for unanticipated spending within the dollar amount of the Allowance CIP. 

Template revised June 27, 2019 (Diversity in Contracting).

             COMMISSION AGENDA – Action Item No. 8f                                   Page 5 of 5 
Meeting Date: June 27, 2023 
CPE Impact                       $0.03 in 2027 
Future Revenues and Expenses (Total cost of ownership) 
The scope of the project is to replace existing equipment which is beyond useful life and not to
introduce any additional assets. Replacement of the equipment will require a similar level of
maintenance; therefore, AVM anticipates it will not have a material impact on O&M costs. The 
new VFDs will result in energy efficiency and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions as compared
to the older technology VFDs. The calculations to determine the exact percentages will be
performed during the design phase.
47 VFDs were replaced in Phase 1 of this project which was completed in 2020. In addition to
these 70 VFDs proposed in Phase 2, there are an additional 140 VFDs slated for replacement in
Phase 3 and Phase 4. 
(1)   Presentation slides 

Template revised June 27, 2019 (Diversity in Contracting).


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